Sunday, March 14, 2010

Balanced Nutrition For Breastfeeding Mother

A. Principles of Nutrition for Breastfeeding Mother

Nutrition in nursing mothers is closely associated with milk production, which is necessary for infant growth. If successful breastfeeding well, the baby's weight will increase, good skin integrity, muscle tone and a satisfying eating habits.

Breastfeeding mothers is not too strict in regulating the nutrients, the most important is to ensure the establishment of food quality milk in sufficient quantities to meet the needs of the baby.

B. Factors That Affect Nutrition Breastfeeding Mother

Factors that affect nutritional feeding mothers are:

1. The influence of food is closely related to the volume of milk produced per day.

2. Protein, with the existence of individual variation it is recommended the addition of 15-20 grams of protein a day.

3. Supplementation, if you eat a balanced day, supplementation is not necessary unless you lack one or more nutrients.

4. Activity.

C. The influence of nutrition status for Mother Breastfeeding

Nutritional needs during lactation is based on nutritional content of breast milk and milk-producing nutrients. Lactating mothers are advised an additional 800 kcals of food substances that are used to produce milk and for the mother's own activities.

D. Needs substance Nutrition Breastfeeding Mother

Caloric needs during lactation is proportional to the amount of breast milk produced and higher during lactation than during pregnancy. The average calorie milk produced by mothers with good nurisi is 70 cal/100 ml, and approximately 85 cal is required by the mother for each 100 ml produced. The average mother uses approximately 640 cal/day for the first 6 months and 510 cal/day during the second 6 months to produce a normal amount of milk. The average mother should consume 2300-2700 cal while nursing (Dudek, 2001).

Protein. Mothers need an additional 20 grams above the normal requirements when breastfeeding. This amount is only an additional 16% of the recommended 500 cal.

Fluid. Other nutrients needed during lactation is fluid intake. Breastfeeding mothers are encouraged to drink 2-3 liters per day, in the form of white water, milk and fruit juices.

Vitamins and minerals. The need for vitamins and minerals during lactation is higher than during pregnancy.

E. Impact of Malnutrition on Mother Breastfeeding

Lack of nutrition in breast-feeding mothers cause health problems in the mother and baby. Disorders in infants include the fallen children, babies easily hurt, easily become infected. Lack of essential substances cause interference in the eyes or bones.

F. Nutrition education for breastfeeding mothers

1. Make every bite means

Eat foods that are useful to produce a good milk in terms of quality and quantity and speed conditions after birth.

2. All calories are not created equal.

Choosing foods that contain calories as needed.

3. If you are starving, the baby, too.

Do not miss dinner if breastfeeding because it can shorten the life and vitality.

4. Be the first efficiency expert.

Choosing nutritious foods that do not have to be expensive, the most important according to the nutritional needs during lactation.

5. Carbohydrates are a complex issue.

Complex carbohydrates are rich in vitamins and minerals, which produce good milk and enough.

6. What sweet are useless-even cause problems.

Calories derived from sugar, less than helpful, consumption of sweet foods is reduced.

7. Eat natural foods.

Processed foods are usually a lot to lose nutritional value that will reduce the nutritional value of milk.

8. Make good eating habits as a family habit, this will be useful for family health.

Do not drink alcoholic beverages, drugs, coffee or smoking. This will affect milk production and cause interference to the mother and baby.


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