Saturday, February 13, 2010

What is Chikungunya Disease

Understanding of Chikungunya

Chikungunya comes from the Swahili language based on patient symptoms, which means (body position) bend or curve (that which contorts or bends up), referring to the bent posture of patients due to a great joint pain (arthralgia). This joint pain by safety data sheets (MSDS) Office of Laboratory Safety Canada, mainly occurs in the knees, ankles and joints, hands and feet. Apart from dengue fever cases are rampant in some parts of Indonesia, the community is also troubled by cases of Chikungunya. These symptoms include sudden fever that reached 39 degrees C, pain in the joints especially the knee joints, ankles, toes and hands and spine, accompanied by a rash (a collection of red dots) on the skin. There is also a headache, conjunctival injection and a little fotofobia.

Causes of Chikungunya disease

The cause of this disease is a virus, Alphavirus, and is transmitted through mosquito Aedes aegypti. The same mosquitoes transmit the disease dengue hemorrhagic fever. Although still "brothers" with dengue fever, the disease is not fatal.

Chikungunya disease is spread by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. Is this disease caused by dengue virus? So, what's the difference with dengue and how to differentiate? Chikungunya disease is caused by a virus called the Chikungunya virus. Chikungunya virus is in the family Togaviridae, genus Alphavirus. History of Chikungunya in Indonesia this disease came from mainland Africa and began to be found in Indonesia in 1973.


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