Wednesday, July 28, 2010

Sperm banks in Indonesia, possible?


Medical technology is growing rapidly especially in the field of obstetrics and gynecology has brought enormous implications for the world. The discovery of techniques of artificial insemination or IVF (in vitro fertilization/IVF) is one of them.

Request a test-tube babies continues to increase each year in the world including in Indonesia became a phenomenon in itself. Through this technique, insemination, a woman is possible to get pregnant with donated sperm, either from her own husband or a male donor, stored in a sperm bank.

Overseas, the practice of donors and sperm banks are nothing new. But in Indonesia, the discourse of donors and sperm banks became a controversy because it is considered contrary to the norms, culture and religion in society.

Recently, the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI) in the National Congress (General Assembly) to VIII MUI in Jakarta has even issued a fatwa that forbids the donor or the practice of buying and selling of sperm.

In the eyes of observers of health problems from the Faculty of Public Health, University of Indonesia (FKM UI) Prof. Does Sampoerno dr MPH, sperm donor practices in the country is considered not feasible. The presence of sperm banks was also not appropriate because Indonesia has a different culture.

"Bank of sperm with commercial purposes is not perfect yet made in Indonesia. In a culture in Indonesia, especially related to religious issues. The purpose of the bank's sperm will produce offspring, but in Indonesia only valid if the husband's sperm for insemination of his wife," Does the word Sampoerno to Kompas.com, Thursday (29/07/10) in Jakarta.

Although in terms of health would help some people, but according to Chief Scientific Kolegium Public Health Association of Indonesia (IAKMI), the implementation of hygiene measures should be linked with the norms and values of religion, culture in the country. "This is due to consider the matter of religion, culture, norms, human rights, especially for multicultural countries," said Prof Does.

In medical ethics, continued Does, there are four basic principles that should be met before taking action. The four principal ethics is respect for the dignity dignity or rights of others, doing good, not harm and fairness.

In the principle of doing good, for example, the word 'Does', to be seen whether it will harm the interests of individuals to others or not. Because the ethics of doing good to be maximized is the benefit of individuals and communities, while the harm should be minimized.

"If sperm sperm bank to give to others, and others known to cause panic due to violation of norms and religion. Therefore, that is allowed to perform artificial insemination between husband and wife own. That's why sperm banks here can not be used, "said Prof Does.

In connection with the practice of test-tube babies, the government actually has to make provisions in article 16 of Law No.23/1992 and the Health Minister of Health Regulation No.73 year 1992 whose contents specify the artificial insemination of husband and wife are permitted only on legitimate, then use a pair of sperm and egg cells which is then implanted in the wife's womb.

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