Wednesday, July 21, 2010

AIDS Drug Users surge

Spreading HIV/AIDS increasingly worried about it. WHO launched the latest number of drug users to AIDS that continues to grow many-fold.

Number of HIV/AIDS continue to soar. This was reflected in the extraordinary surge of people who use AIDS drugs from 1.2 million last year to 5.2 million people.

According to reports the UN World Health Organization (World Health Organization/WHO), between 2003 until 2010, the number of patients who received antiretroviral treatment increased by two fold.

"We are very excited with this surge. This is really the biggest improvement we've ever seen in one year, "said Gottfried Hirnschall, Director of HIV/AIDS of WHO, Monday (19/7). He was in an interview with The Associated Press said, a jump in the number of drug users with AIDS was related more open access to treatment throughout the world, especially in sub-Saharan Africa region.

WHO's latest data submitted in the arena of the International AIDS conference in Vienna, Austria. Meanwhile, in the Eastern European region, in proportion to the number of people using fewer AIDS drugs than in other regions, because drug users are often ostracized and not given sufficient access.

Hirnschall said that drug users AIDS in Eastern Europe are often criminalized and often gets a bad stigma. While that in Africa, AIDS is an epidemic among heterosexuals, but in Eastern Europe occurred in the transmission of AIDS among drug users.

From the data submitted to WHO regarding the number of drug users AIDS Mbelum reflect the actual number of AIDS patients. Therefore, the number of drug users is probably only a third of the number of HIV/AIDS throughout the world. From there look at how the AIDS epidemic is so difficult to overcome, especially if not accompanied by support from the government and society.

While at the same place, presented related research methods for early detection of HIV/AIDS. Cases of transmission of HIV/AIDS often occurs because many people who do not know that someone in a community already infected with the deadly virus. For this reason, over the years sought ways to detect early cases of HIV.

Now, in an effort to improve methods for early detection of HIV, researchers sought to determine whether the program using nucleic acid testing (NAT) will increase the number of cases that can be detected early. In that trial, it turns out the program NAT can detect HIV earlier 23 percent.

Nucleic acid test of this mechanism is to look for traces of genetic material from organisms causing the infection. This differs from the standard detection methods which rely on the point of antibody immune system to pathogens. Said the researchers from the University of California, United States, although HIV prevention programs in the United States has done since tens of years ago, but remained elevated HIV incidence rates.

The initial phase of HIV infection is when the people most likely to infect others so that early detection and accuracy is critical in the effort to control the spread of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. The study involved more than 3,000 people tested for HIV in some clinics in the San Diego, United States. The first participants were tested with a rapid saliva test. If positive, patients are given out and blood taken for HIV testing standard.

If results are negative, the blood was taken for NAT. Almost a quarter of cases of people with HIV have been identified as testing positive only with NAT. This study also found that more than two-thirds of patients with negative NAT test results using a computer or voice-mail to get results.

"Expanding the use of NAT for the program HIV tests routine can help lower the incidence rates of HIV by identifying persons with acute infection that would otherwise be missed through routine inspections," said study author Dr. Sheldon Morris, professor at the University of California, San Diego's Antiviral Research Center, USA States.

"In addition, automatic reporting of negative results can prove an acceptable alternative reporting and reduce the intense face to face," added Morris in his study published in the journal Annals of Internal Medicine's June 14 edition.

Known, AIDS is an acronym for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. AIDS is a disease caused as a result of breeding of the HIV virus in the human body. This virus attacks white blood cells (CD4 cells), thus resulting in damage to the immune system.

The loss or reduction in body resistance makes the patient vulnerable of various diseases, including even minor ailments. The virus HIV attacks CD4 cells and makes it a breeding ground of new HIV viruses and then ruin it, so can not be used again. As we know that the white blood cells is necessary for the immune system.

Without immunity, the disease attacked when our body, our bodies are weak and do not attempt against outbreaks of disease. As a result, we may die even with influenza or common colds. When the human body exposed to the HIV virus, it does not directly cause or suffer from AIDS, but needed a long time and even years for HIV to cause AIDS or HIV positive are deadly.


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