Friday, May 21, 2010

Typhoid Fever

World Health - Typhoid fever is in our lives known as typhus, is an acute fever caused by Salmonella typhi. Besides by Salmonella typhi, typhoid fever can also be caused by Salmonella paratyphi but far milder symptoms. These bugs are generally found in water or food which is transmitted by an infected person such germs before.

Typhoid fever is still very frequently encountered in their daily lives. More than 13 million people are infected with these germs around the world and 500,000 of them died.

How a person may have typhoid fever?

Typhoid germ enters the body through food or water we consume. A typhoid patient can contaminate the surrounding water through the sewage-filled with typhoid germs. This contaminated water when used to process food, the food will also be polluted, especially foods that are not cooked properly.

Not all patients with typhoid symptoms are visible, although many of them are infected but do not feel anything. Now, these were dangerous because they can infect others temporarily because it does not feel pain, they refuse to go to the doctor with medication. People like this man is known by the name of carier.

Typhoid germs breed and multiply inside the gall bladder and liver are then entered into the intestine. Amazingly, these germs can survive weeks and weeks in water or puddle that has been dried.

How typhoid germs can cause the disease?

After eating contaminated food, typhoid germs further into the small intestine and the blood vessels. In the blood vessels, typhoid germs carried by white blood cells into the liver, spleen and bone marrow. Next Germs multiply in this organ organ then returned to the blood vessels. When these patients will experience symptoms of typhoid fever. Next germs will enter the gall bladder and intestinal lymph tissue. Here germs will breed more and more. Then the germs will also penetrate the intestinal wall and mixed with dirt. Well, apart from blood tests, typhoid fever can also be confirmed by stool examinations.

What are the symptoms of typhoid fever?

This disease incubation period between one to two weeks and duration of illness can reach six weeks. Some symptoms experienced by patients include:

1. Headache extraordinary.
2. Decrease in appetite.
3. Pain pain throughout the body.
4. Fever.
5. Weak.
6. Diarrhea.

Patients with typhoid fever may suffer from fever up to 40 degrees Celsius.

Some patients may experience shortness of breath, abdominal pain and other discomforts. If there are no complications then the healing will occur at weeks 3 and 4. Approximately 10% of patients who have otherwise recovered will have a relapse after two to three weeks later. The cause of relapse is still uncertain, but this happens mostly in patients who received antibiotic treatment.

How to treat typhoid fever?

Typhoid fever treated with antibiotics that can kill the bacteria Salmonella. Before the widespread use of antibiotics, mortality from this disease reached 20%. Death is generally caused by complications of typhoid pneumonia, among others, lung, intestinal bleeding, and leakage of the intestine. With appropriate antibiotics, mortality can be reduced to about 1 to 2%. With the right treatment, the duration of any disease can be reduced to about a week.

For those who like the way the road to the area at risk, the vaccine for typhoid had been available, but in Indonesia is still very rare to encounter.


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