Tuesday, November 16, 2010

Immunization, Shield of Child Illness


Immunization, Shield of Child Illness - Prevention is the key to good health. In fact, prevention is better than cure. One of the best ways to protect children and families from the disease is by immunization.

Immunization basically aims to stimulate the immune response without causing disease. Some infectious diseases such as measles, tetanus, polio, or hepatitis can be prevented by immunization. Although not all of these life-threatening infectious diseases, some diseases can cause disability.

Immunization, Shield of Child Illness

Techniques of the immunization is usually done with a weakened virus or bacteria that cause disease and awarded to a person by way of injected or swallowed. Once the germs enter the body, the body will be stimulated to fight the disease by forming antibodies. Furthermore, antibodies that will continue to exist in the body of people who have been immunized against the disease and then trying to attack.

Since its use is widespread in the 20th century, immunization has prevented millions of deaths in the world. Nevertheless, still many people who do not want to be immunized. One reason is concern about safety and side effects of vaccines.

According to Prof. dr IGN Gde Ranuh, SpA (K), concerns about vaccine safety that arise from incorrect information. "People are often more concerned about vaccine side effects, such as fever or stiff, rather than the disease. In fact, complications of the disease can cause disability and even death," he said in a media conference on the sidelines of the National Symposium on Immunization to-2 that held by the Indonesian Pediatric Association (IDAI) in Jakarta on Friday (19/11/2010).

Side effects of immunization can be caused by factors that are less noticed storage cold chain system (cold chain) and by injections. "In the vaccine also contained additional material to prevent contamination and enhance the immune response. Therefore, the vaccine should be injected into the muscle so as not to cause swelling," said Prof. Dr. Sri Rezeki Hadinegoro, SpA (K), Chairman of the Task Force IDAI Immunization, in equal opportunities.

Regarding the mild fever that arise after the immunization, according to Sri case it is a normal reaction as when forming part of the body's immune reaction. It is too individualistic.

Several types of disease are ELIMINATED by successful immunization, such as smallpox or polio. However, according to Sri, immunization is still necessary. Although the illness is gone, germs that cause diseases still exist and can attack those who are not protected by vaccination.

"The threat of disease is ongoing. Especially now that this world has no limits, everyone could travel to anywhere. This could lead to contacts with other people who unknowingly carry the disease," he said.

Which must be observed is immunization does not guarantee a person will be relieved 100 percent of the disease. Current immunizations given successfully stimulate the body to form antibodies to 99 percent. Therefore, if only the children are still exposed to the disease, the illness will be milder and not endanger the life.

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